Adhesive capsulitis, the medical terminology for frozen shoulder is a condition that restricts your movements severely as the tissues in the shoulder joints get thicker with time and starts developing scar tissue.
Signs and Symptoms of a Frozen Shoulder
Symptoms Frozen shoulder typically develops slowly, and in three stages. Each stage can last a number of months.
Freezing stage. Any movement of your shoulder causes pain, and your shoulder’s range of motion starts to become limited. Frozen stage. Pain may begin to diminish during this stage. However, your shoulder becomes stiffer, and using it becomes more difficult. Thawing stage. The range of motion in your shoulder begins to improve. For some people, the pain worsens at night, sometimes disrupting sleep.
What are the causes:
1. Age: This condition frequently influences individuals between the ages of 40 – 70.
2. Injury/Surgery: Recovery from a physical issue or medical procedure that restricts the typical scope of movement of the shoulder and arm, for example, cervical circle illness or a stroke that influences the nerves in the shoulder. An open heart and spinal medical procedures likewise influence the shoulder.
3. Medical conditions: Pre-existing inflammatory conditions like diabetes and people suffering from thyroid problems and hormonal imbalance is more prone to develop frozen shoulders.
4. Risk factors: Certain factors may increase your risk of developing frozen shoulder.
5. Age and sex: People 40 and older, particularly women, are more likely to have frozen shoulder.
Immobility or reduced mobility people who’ve had prolonged immobility or reduced mobility of the shoulder are at higher risk of developing frozen shoulder. Immobility may be the result of many factors, including:
• Rotator cuff injury
• Broken arm
• Recovery from surgery
6. Systemic diseases: People who have certain diseases appear more likely to develop a frozen shoulder. Diseases that might increase risk include:
• Overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism)
• Underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism)
• Cardiovascular disease
• Parkinson’s disease
How is it diagnosed?
Doctors Usually conduct a physical test where they gauge and measure your range of motion e.g. they might ask you to touch your opposite shoulder with your hand. They might also ask you to perform various imaging tests like X-rays, MRI scans, and ultrasound to rule out other possible issues or conditions.
7. Treatment: You can leave a Frozen shoulder untreated, however the torment and firmness can stay for as long as three years. The following steps can help in recovery:
• Physical Therapy
• Local steroid injection
Medication Doctors may suggest anti-inflammatory medicines like ibuprofen, or naproxen sodium. Steroid injections along with physical therapy also help.
Physical Therapy is the most widely recognized treatment for a frozen shoulder. The objective is to extend your shoulder joint and recapture the lost movement. It can take anyplace from half a month to nine months to see improvement. A home exercise program of the delicate scope of motion exercises is important. If you don’t see improvement following a half year of intense, day by day workouts, address your doctor about other options.
A medical procedure or surgery when exercise-based physical therapy doesn’t improve your condition, medical procedure is a choice. From a careful angle, your choices are to control the shoulder and put it through a full scope of movement under an overall sedative to help separate any adhesions. Another choice is the arthroscopic medical procedure. This sort of medical procedure includes making a little cut (small portals) in your shoulder and utilizing a camera called an “arthroscope” to eliminate scar tissue or release scar tissue. This permits the shoulder to recoup its lost movement. In case of an injury, surgery is much more successful if it is done within a few weeks of the injury.
A medical procedure is generally done on an outpatient premise. Stitches in most cases will be taken out following 10 days. Postoperative Physical Therapy is generally required too. Numerous patients have their full scope of movement back inside a quarter of a year.
The Department of Orthopaedics at Trisha Multispeciality Hospital Led by Dr. Alpesh M Patel who is a renowned orthopaedic trauma consultant and joint replacement surgeon with more than 18 years of expertise in this field aims at providing the best kind of services and treatments out there for you.
“Our team of professionals at Trisha Multispeciality Hospital believe in providing a holistic treatment that would keep you up and running for a long time to come”.